Kneecap Dislocation - Carrollton, TX
Kneecap or patella dislocation is a medical condition in which the kneecap completely moves away from its normal position. Generally, the dislocation occurs in the outward direction consequently damaging the muscles and ligaments on the inside of the knee. In certain cases, the kneecap gets dislodges partially and this is referred to as patella subluxation. Kneecap dislocation is commonly seen amongst athletic teenagers.

Causes

  • Direct trauma to the knee during an automobile accident or a fall
  • Unexpected twisting or turning of the leg
  • Previous history of kneecap dislocation
  • Fragile inner quadriceps muscles

Symptoms

  • The kneecap will visibly look out of place
  • A popping or clicking sensation in the knee can be heard
  • Inability to straighten the knee or walk
  • Severe pain and inflammation in the knee
  • Feeling that the knee will give away
  • In severe cases, numbness can be felt in the foot

Diagnosis

  • The orthopedic doctor will conduct a detailed examination of the knee to look for signs of kneecap dislocation
  • The doctor will also look for any associated ligament or muscle damage
  • Imaging tests such as X-Ray, ultrasound or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan might be conducted by the orthopedic doctor to confirm diagnosis
  • Imaging tests also give a clear picture of the damage occurred in the surrounding structures of the kneecap

Treatment

A large number of patients get complete relief from non-surgical methods. However, it is best to get in touch with an expert orthopedic doctor to know what treatment option will suit you the best

Non-surgical treatment

  • Application of ice pack can aid in reducing pain and inflammation
  • Manual relocation of the kneecap is done by the orthopedic doctor in a process named as reduction
  • Medication can be given prior to the procedure in order to reduce pain and make the patient feel relaxed
  • Post-reduction, taping or bracing is done to protect the patella
  • Physiotherapy sessions are recommended by the orthopedic doctor so as to normalize joint motion
  • This also helps the patient in strengthening the knee joint and regaining normal range of motion

Surgical treatment

  • Surgical intervention is required in case there is significant damage to the bones and ligaments due to kneecap dislocation
  • Surgery is also required for patients who have arterial damage in the knee or dislocate the kneecap again
  • Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) repair is performed by the doctor to treat frequent kneecap dislocations in a patient
  • In this procedure, the ligament that helps to stabilize the kneecap is repaired
  • Post-surgery, individualized programs are designed by the orthopedic doctor to prevent recurrence of any problem in the kneecap

Get in touch with an orthopedic doctor immediately in case of a kneecap dislocation.